India is the 7th largest country in the world as per area, and it is situated in South Asia. The capital city is Delhi and it is the center point of the political framework of the country. It is a diverse country with many languages spoken on a day to day basis and also different faiths being practiced.
It shares its border with many countries, ranging from Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
There has been a complete change in the fortunes of the country in the past of being labeled as a destitute country to being one of the fastest-growing nations in the current era.
Population of India in 2020:
To find the population of India in the year 2020, the population of the last 5 years needs to checked and a clear picture can be obtained regarding the population in 2020. They are as per the following:
1. 2015 – 1.31 Billion
2. 2016 – 1.32 Billion
3. 2017 – 1.3366 Billion
4. 2018 – 1.35352 Billion
5. 2019 – 1.372224 Billion
By going through the figures from 2015-19, it is noticed that there has been an increase of 0.062224 Billion in the past 5 years. Additionally, every year the population goes up by 0.0124448 Billion. Hence, the population of India in 2020 is expected to be 1.372224 Billion + 0.0124448 Billion = 1.3846688 Billion. Therefore, the population of India in the year 2020 as per estimates is 1.3846688 Billion.
Demography of India:
Coming to life expectancy, it has an average of 68 years with females averaging almost 70 years and males having an average life span of 67.3 years. Hinduism is the most followed religion in the country with a following of almost 80%, Islam being the 2nd most followed religion with 14% following, and other religions make up the smaller numbers.
The literacy rate of the country is 75%, which has improved over the years. Also, the most literate state as of now is Kerala with a literacy rate of about 94%.
Another aspect that has been the key to India’s growing urbanization is the migration from rural to urban areas in large numbers.
Population Density and Growth of India:
Currently, the population density of India is 404.9 persons per square kilometer. Population growth of the country is certainly on the higher side and it is expected to be the most populated country by overtaking China by the year 2027. Also, it is expected that it will continue to be the most populated nation in the world by the end of this century.
The population growth rate is 1.10% annually, which is a healthy rate. 30 years from now the country would have added around 273 million people to its growing list.
Facts About India:
1. India as a country is known to have the biggest postal network in the entire world. Additionally, there is a unique floating Post Office in Dal Lake in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. It started in the year 2011.
2. Mawsynram is a village in the state of Meghalaya is known to receive the highest recorded average rainfall in the whole world. It is often called as the wettest inhabited place on the planet.
3. If you are a Math’s fan, you’ll know that Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus were originated here in India. Also, the game of Chess was invented in the country. India has been a land of many great inventions in the past.
4. Playing a Cricket match at a height of 2444 meters above sea level is something fascinating and Chail in the state of Himachal Pradesh holds the record of having a Cricket ground placed at such a height.
5. The Indian Railways is considered to be the largest employer in the country with over a million people being employed.
5 Most Populated States in India:
There is a diverse population living here from different parts of the world and it is considered the 5th largest state economy in the country.
Maharashtra as a state is placed in the western part of India. It is the second most populated state after Uttar Pradesh, with Mumbai being the capital city and it is known to be the financial capital of India.
Another major city in the form of Pune holds an imperative place in the state as the city is known to be the Oxford of the east, due to its image of being a destination for higher studies.
The state is known to be the wealthiest in the country and it is also the most industrialized state.
Bihar is the 3rd most populated state and it is located in the eastern part of India. The capital city is Patna and the most bustling part of the state. In the year 2000, a part of South Bihar was ceded to make way for a new state in the form of Jharkhand.
During ancient times, the state of Bihar was known to be a place of learning and culture. From the part of Magadha, rose the first-ever empire of India in the form of the Maurya Empire.
The state in recent times has lagged behind other states even when there are plenty of resources and options in its grip.
West Bengal, also referred to as Paschim Banga is the 4th most populated state in India. Kolkata serves as the capital city and the main hub of all activities. It borders many states like Odisha, Assam, Sikkim, Jharkhand, and Bihar.
During the 1300s, Bengal was known to be a major trading nation and Europeans considered it to be the richest country. It is currently the 6th largest state economy and most of its economy is based on agricultural production and also medium-sized enterprises.
Madhya Pradesh as its name says is located in the central part of the country with Bhopal being the capital city. It is the 5th most populated state in India and before the formation of Chhattisgarh in the year 2000; it was the largest state in the country.
The state is rich in mineral resources and it has the largest reserves of Copper and Diamond in the country.
5 Most Populated Cities in India:
Mumbai city is known to be the financial capital of India and it is the most populated city in the country. It serves as the capital city of the state of Maharashtra. Since there is less space to live here, buying a property or living on rent is a costly affair as compared to other parts of India.
It is also known to be the hub of Bollywood in which there is the whole city dedicated to filming movies in the form of Film City.
Additionally, it is one of the global top 10 centers of commerce as per global financial flow.
The city has a rich history as it has been served by numerous empires and kingdoms in the form of the Sultanate and Mughal Empire. Till today you can get to see the old structures, mostly in Old Delhi that takes you back to the old era of Mughal’s and Sultanate rule.
The city is also called as the Silicon Valley of the country due to its IT contribution. The city and the cantonment were two different settlements and later were merged as one in the year 1949. The city of Bengaluru enjoys a posh way of life and also there is a large number of the student population living in the city.
Hyderabad serves as the capital city of Telangana as well as the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is known to be the 4th most populated city in the country. It is often called the city of Nizams due to its rich heritage and rule over here.
In the past, the city was also considered to be the lone diamond trading center in the whole world. Since the state of the 1990s, it is more known for the hub of biotechnology and pharmaceuticals.
Also, Biryani is something that can’t be taken away or forgotten when someone mentions the city of Hyderabad.
Ahmedabad is a city placed in the state of Gujarat and it is considered to be the 5th most populated city in India. It is one of the imperative industrial hubs in the country and also known to be the 2nd biggest producer of cotton in the country.
In the year 2010, Forbes Magazine listed the city 3rd as one of the fastest-growing cities of the decade. With the increase of population each passing day, there has been more construction of buildings and the cost of living in Ahmedabad is going skyrocket.